Equilibrium States and Transition Processes in Electric Circuits

Requirements for a deeper understanding

  • Hermann Haertel University Kiel


Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's rules refer to stationary states and do not provide any indications of the always-present transition processes that connect these states and cause their respective setting. Through the use of suitable simulation programs these transition processes are accessible to classroom activities and allow a deeper and more coherent understanding of the ongoing processes.


Balta, N. (2015) Development of 3-D Mechanical Models of Electric Circuits and Their Effect on Students' Understanding of Electric Potential Difference.
European Journal Of Physics Education 6(1):15-24
Author et.al. (1995) Test about Voltage - A Basic Term in Electricity.
Author, H. (2017) Ausbreitungsprozesse in linearen Systemen. http://www.astrophysik.uni-kiel.de/~hhaertel/TL/TL-stromkreis/TL-de.pdf
Author, H. (2016) Der sogenannte einfache elektrische Stromkreis - Computerunterstützte Lernmaterialien. http://www.astrophysik.uni-kiel.de/~hhaertel
Author, H. (2018) Simulationsprogramm CLOC - Conceptual Learning Of Circuits
Redish, E. (1999) Millikan Lecture 1998: Building a Science of Teaching Physics, American Journal of Physics 67(7)
Minich, T. (2005) Conceptualizing Series and Parallel Circuits Through 3-D Modeling. Phys. Teach. 43, 448-451
How to Cite
HAERTEL, Hermann. Equilibrium States and Transition Processes in Electric Circuits. European Journal of Physics Education, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 3, p. 32-44, aug. 2021. ISSN 1309-7202. Available at: <https://eu-journal.org/index.php/EJPE/article/view/318>. Date accessed: 28 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.20308/ejpe.v12i3.318.