The Effect of 7E Model on Conceptual Success of Students in The Unit of Electromagnetism

  • Umit Turgut Ataturk University
  • Alp Colak Ministry of Education
  • Riza Salar Ataturk University

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the course materials developed in accordance with 7E model in the unit of electromagnetism in high school physics class on students' conceptual success. The present study was conducted with a total of 52 11th grade students in two separate classrooms at a high school. The action research design was used as the research method. The data of the study were collected through worksheets, open-ended and multiple-choice conceptual achievement tests and individual interviews. The worksheets, which were developed in order to ensure conceptual change and development based on experimental activities, were prepared and administrated in accordance with 7E model. In the research, 6 students with high level, moderate level and low level of conceptual changes were interviewed about their achievements. The activities and materials, which were applied according to the average scores of students, were found to be effective on conceptual development and eliminating existing misconceptions of students about the subject of electromagnetism. Recommendations were made in accordance with the findings obtained.

References

Abraham, M.R., Gryzybowski, E.B., Renner, J.W., & Marek, A.E. (1992). Understanding and misunderstanding of eighth graders of five chemistry concepts found in textbooks. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 29, 105-120.
Acıslı, S. (2010). The examination of the influence of the materials generated in compliance with 5e learning model on physics laboratory application (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Ataturk University, Turkey.
Akerson, V. L., Townsend, S., Donnelly, L. A., Hanson D. L., Tıra, P., & Whıte, O. (2009). Scientific Modelling for Inquiring Teachers Network (SMIT’N): The Influence on Elementary Teachers’ Views of Nature of Science, Inquiry, and Modelling, Journal of Science Teacher Education, 20, 21-40 DOI 10.1007/s10972-008-9116-5.
Aycan, S. & Yumusak, A. (2003). A study on the high school level of understanding of the topics in physics curriculum. Journal of National Education, 159, 171-180.
Barrow, L. (2000). Do elementary science methods text books facilitate the understanding of the magnet concepts?. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 9, 199-205.
Bayrakceken, S. (2008). Test development. Emin Karip (Ed). Measurement and evaluation, (s.244-277). Ankara: Pegem Publishing
Bayrakceken, S., Canpolat, N., Karaman, S., Celik, S., Aggul, F., & Avinc, I. (2009). Secondary and tertiary levels in the preparation of appropriate active learning activities constructivist approach to teaching chemistry, implementation and evaluation. TUBITAK Project No: 107K095
Boddy, N., Watson, K., & Aubusson, P. (2003). A Trial of the five es: a referent model for constructivist teaching and learning. Research in Science Education 33, 27-42.
Bozdogan, E. & Altuncekic A. (2007). Science teacher candidates' views on the availability of 5E teaching model. Kastamonu Education Journal, 15(2), 579-590.
Budak, I. (2000). Developing and evaluating a computer-assisted mathematics teaching material for numbers (Unpublished master thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
Coştu, B., Karatas, F. O. & Kose, S. (2003)a. Two-tier tests used to determine the level of understanding and misconceptions of students. Pamukkale University Journal of Education, 13(1) 54-69.
Coştu, B., Karatas, F. O. & Ayas, A. (2003)b. Using the worksheets in the teaching of concepts. Pamukkale University Journal of Education, 14 (2), 33-48.
Calık, M. (2004). Examining the feasibility of dissolution and developed on the relationship between physical change worksheets, Cukurova Unıversıty Faculty of Educatıon Journal 27(2), 63-72.
Calık, M. (2006).  Devising and implementing guide materials related to solution chemistry topic in Grade 9 based on constructivist learning theory, (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
Cepni S., Ayas A., Johnson D. & Turgut M. F. (1997). Teaching Physics. World Bank National Education Development Project Pre-Service Teacher Training. Ankara.
Cepni, S., San, H. M., Gökdere, M. & Küçük, M. (2001). Examples of activities to the appropriate development model in structuring theory 7E minds in science teaching. New Millennium at the beginning of the Year of Science and Education Symposium Proceedings, Maltepe University, İstanbul, (s. 83-190).
Demircioglu, H. & Atasoy, S. (2006). A model proposal for the development of worksheets. Buca Faculty of Education Journal, 19, 71-79.
Doganay, A. & Karip, E. (2006). Planning and evaluation in education. Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
Ergul, N. (2008). Examine the achievement elementary 6th grade 'power and movement' and 'particle structure of substance' units which were studied according to constructivism theory and sentiments of about program (Unpublished master thesis), Sakarya University, Turkey.
Ernas, S. (2008). Determining effectiveness of the materials about “the ways of spread of heat” based on the elaborate stage of the 5E model (Unpublished master thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
Ersahan, O. (2007). Defining the effective instruction methods (role play and 5e instruction method) for teaching science-technology-society-environment skills in the learning area of substance and it's evolution for 6 th grade students (Unpublished master thesis). Gazi University, Turkey.
Eryilmaz, A. (2002). Effects of conceptual assignments and conceptual change discussions on students’ misconceptions and achievement regarding force and motion, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39 (10) 1001–1015.
Fosnot, C. T. (2013). Constructivism: Theory, perspectives, and practice. New York: Teachers College Press.
Gunes, B., Akyuz, O., Saçlı, O.A., Mutus, H., Ates, S., Eryilmaz & Ulutas, S. (2011). Ministry of Education Board of Curriculum of Physics, Ankara.
Gurbuz, F. (2012). The effect 7e model on academic achievement and retention of knowledge in the unit of “Electricity in our Life” in 6th grade science and technology (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Ataturk University, Turkey.
Hırca, N. (2008). An investigation of effects on conceptual change of developed materials based on 5E model in unit “work, power and energy” (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Ataturk University, Turkey.
Kalaycı, S., Kayıs, A., Antalyali, O., Ucar, N., Demirgil, H., İsler, D & Cicek, E. (2007). Multivariate statistical techniques, Ankara: Asil Publishing.
Kanli, U. (2007). The effects of a laboratory based on the 7e model with verification laboratory approach on students? development of science process skills and conceptual achievement (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Gazi University, Turkey.
Keser, O. F. (2003).  Designing and implementing a constructivist learning environment for physics education (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
Kilavuz, Y. (2005). The effects of 5E learning cycle model based on constructivist theory on tenth grade students' understanding of acid-base concepts (Unpublished master thesis), Middle East Technical University, Turkey.
Kurt, S. (2002). Worksheets development according to constructivist view of learning in physics teaching (Unpublished master thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
McMillan, J.H., & Schumacher, S. (2010). Research in education: Evidence-based inquiry (Seventh Edition). Boston: Pearson Education.
Ozsevgec, T. (2006). Determining Effectiveness of Student Guiding Material Based On the 5E Model in “Force and Motion” Unit. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 3(2), 36-48.
Ozsevgec, T. (2007).  Determining effectiveness of guided materials about force and motion unit based on the 5E model for elementary students (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
Saka, A. (2006). The effect of 5E model on removing svience student teachers' misconceptions about genetics (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey.
Savas, B. (2009). Constructivist learning. A. Kaya (Ed). Educational Psychology (s.411-434). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Sekerci, A.R. (2013). The effect of argumentation based instruction on students’ argumentation skills and conceptual understanding in Chemistry laboratory (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Ataturk University, Turkey.
Sengül, N. (2006). Effect of active teaching methods based on constructivist theory on students' science achievement and attitude about flowing electricity unit (Unpublished master thesis), Celal Bayar University, Turkey.
Tanrıverdi, İ. (2001). Misconceptions on electricity and magnetism (Unpublished master thesis), Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey.
Turgut, M.F. (1995). Methods of measurement and evaluation in education (10th ed.). Ankara: Yargici Press.
Turgut, U., & Gurbuz, F. (2011). Effects of teaching with 5E model on students’ behaviors and their conceptual changes about the subject of heat and temperature. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 679-706.
Yigit, N., Akdeniz, A.R. & Kurt, S. (2001). “Development of worksheets in physics teaching”, New Millennium at the beginning of the Year of Science and Education Symposium Proceedings, Maltepe University, İstanbul, (151-157).
Published
2017-02-20
How to Cite
TURGUT, Umit; COLAK, Alp; SALAR, Riza. The Effect of 7E Model on Conceptual Success of Students in The Unit of Electromagnetism. European Journal of Physics Education, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 3, p. 1-37, feb. 2017. ISSN 1309-7202. Available at: <http://eu-journal.org/index.php/EJPE/article/view/1>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2017.
Section
Articles